Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 until 1814, and again briefly in 1815. He dominated European and global affairs for more than a decade while leading France against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won most of these wars and the vast majority of his battles, building a large empire that ruled over continental Europe before its final collapse in 1815.
- The Question Box moderator refers to I. H. Samsonite the people of Catholic France under Napoleon as an example of the ridiculous concept of Catholic pacifism (Saint Fidgeta and Other Parodies, 49).
- During the French Revolution, the National Assembly had taken Church properties and made the Church a department of the State, effectively removing it from papal authority. The Concordat of 1801 was an agreement between Napoleon and Pope Pius VII that sought national reconciliation between revolutionaries and Catholics and solidified the Roman Catholic Church as the majority church of France, with most of its civil status restored.