Elizabeth I was Queen of England and Ireland from 1558, until her death. Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana or Good Queen Bess, the childless Elizabeth was the last monarch of the Tudor dynasty. She was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, his second wife, who was executed two and a half years after Elizabeth's birth. Her reign is known as the Elizabethan era. The period is famous for the flourishing of English drama and for the seafaring prowess of English adventurers.
- Gloriana was the name given by the 16th-century poet Edmund Spenser to his character representing Queen Elizabeth I in his poem The Faerie Queene. It became the popular name given to Elizabeth I. It is recorded that the troops at Tilbury hailed her with cries of "Gloriana, Gloriana, Gloriana", after the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588.
- A May Hymn, a song included within The Moist Heart, cites the name Gloriana (Saint Fidgeta and Other Parodies, 118).