The Domus Aurea (Latin, Golden House) was a large landscaped portico villa built by the Emperor Nero in the heart of ancient Rome. In her youth, Scintilla Sforza attended levées at the ruins of the building (Saint Fidgeta and Other Parodies; 14).
Following the Great Fire of Rome (AD 64), Nero sought to construct a palace to show off his wealth. The resulting Golden Palace was brick and mortar but took its name from the gold leaf that covered its walls. A massive golden statue of himself, the aptly named Colossus of Nero, was built outside as a reminder to visitors of their host.
In the play The Tragedy of Nero (1624), the character Tigellinus references the extravagances of Nero when he tells the emperor that "Your pillars fall, your golden roofs do melt.”