Birth control, also known as contraception, are methods, devices, or procedures used to prevent pregnancy as a result of sexual activity.  Some cultures limit or discourage access to birth control because they consider it to be morally, religiously, or politically undesirable[1].

In 1960 the Food and Drug Administration approved the first form of the oral contraceptive pill, but because it was so effective and widespread, it also heightened the debate about the moral and health consequences of pre-marital sex and promiscuity.

The Roman Catholic Church has been opposed to contraception since at least the second century[2].  Its current position was formally explained and expressed by Pope Paul VI's Humanae vitae in 1968. Subtitled On the Regulation of Birth, the encyclical re-affirms the orthodox teaching of the Catholic Church regarding married love, responsible parenthood, and the continued rejection of most forms of birth control[3].

Roman Catholics consider using contraceptives a mortal sin[2].

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  1. Wikipedia: Birth Control
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wikipedia: Christian views on contraception
  3. Wikipedia: Humanae Vitae